A Virtue Ethics Response to Implicit Bias

Clea F. Rees Cardiff University Developments in social psychology pose serious challenges for ethical theorists. Ethics is an essentially practical discipline: a satisfactory ethical theory will help us to live ethically good lives by enabling us to understand and navigate the moral landscape. An ethical theory should enable us to …

Three Studies That No Moral Philosopher Should Ignore

Robin Zheng Newnham College University of Cambridge In my chapter, I argue that for cases of implicitly biased action, we should set aside questions of responsibility as attributability in favor of responsibility as accountability. As I interpret the distinction, the former constitute a problem in metaphysics and philosophy of action because we are …

The Heterogeneity of Implicit Biases

Jules Holroyd, The University of Sheffield Joseph Sweetman, University of Exeter Are we responsible for implicit biases? What social environments promulgate implicit bias? What institutional and social contexts can mitigate or eliminate implicit bias? What are the epistemic implications of implicit bias? These are just some of questions about implicit …

How Can A Stereotype You Don’t Believe Affect You?

Stacey Goguen Boston University One of the striking aspects of stereotype threat is that it demonstrates ways in which a stereotype that you might not necessarily believe (and perhaps even likely do not believe) can nonetheless significantly affect you cognitively and psychologically.  For instance, math majors who are primed to think about …

Stereotyping, Rationality, & the Cognitive Architecture of Virtue

Alex Madva Cal Poly Pomona alexmadva.com Tamar Szabó Gendler (2008, 2011), and subsequently Andy Egan (2011), have argued that implicit biases pit our moral and epistemic aims against each other.  They cite research suggesting that the strength of implicit biases correlates with the knowledge individuals have of prevalent stereotypes, even …

What is an Attitude?

Edouard Machery University of Pittsburgh Philosophers have mostly focused on the practical implications of the recent psychological research on biases (racism, sexism, etc.) and, more generally, on attitudes (e.g., political attitudes). As is by now well known, this impressive body of work is based on novel indirect measures such as …

Belief, willpower, and implicit bias

Keith Frankish Visiting Research Fellow, The Open University www.keithfrankish.com Jo sincerely affirms that black people are no less trustworthy than white people. Yet despite this, she consistently behaves in ways that reflect the assumption that black people are less trustworthy — subtly adjusting her behaviour towards black people across a …

Implicit Bias and Philosophy: A Brief Introduction

Michael Brownstein, Assistant Professor of Philosophy, John Jay College/CUNY, www.michaelsbrownstein.com Jennifer Saul, Professor of Philosophy, University of Sheffield, and Director of the Society for Women in Philosophy UK, https://www.sheffield.ac.uk/philosophy/staff/profiles/saul *** Many thanks to John for inviting us and the contributors to post here at the Brains Blog about Implicit Bias and Philosophy, …