Expertise: An Interdisciplinary Solution

Over the week, I have sketched three attempts to answer the questions: What is an expert? and How does someone become an expert? Though I’ve glossed over many details, the accounts point roughly to the following features of expertise: Expertise involves extensive competence in a domain (including extensive tacit or …

Expertise and Performance

Regardless of the plausibility of truth-based accounts of expertise, no one doubts that there are performative experts. We trust airline pilots to get us where we’re going, engineers to build safe bridges, and surgeons to perform complicated procedures. And no one denies that performative expertise involves some degree of propositional …

Expertise: An Interdisciplinary Problem

I am grateful to The Brains Blog for the opportunity to discuss my book Expertise: A Philosophical Introduction (Bloomsbury Academic, 2020). In this opening post, I introduce what I call the five Big Questions about expertise and explain how my book focuses on attempts by philosophers, psychologists, and sociologists to …

The Brains Blog Is Partnering With Neural Mechanisms Online

The Brains Blog is proud to announce our partnership with Neural Mechanisms Online! Long-time readers will remember our Minds Online conferences of 2015, 2016, and 2017. As the Brains team stepped back from annual conferences, Neural Mechanisms Online (NMO) became a new source for free, live, online exchanges between philosophers of mind and …

Epistemic Injustice and Implicit Bias

This post about epistemic in justice and implicit bias by Kathy Puddifoot and Jules Holroyd is the fourth and final post of this week’s series on An Introduction to Implicit Bias: Knowledge, Justice, and the Social Mind (Routledge, 2020). Find the other posts here. Epistemic injustice occurs when a person …

The Limitations of Implicit Bias

This post about epistemic in justice and implicit bias by Susanna Siegel is the third post of this week’s series on An Introduction to Implicit Bias: Knowledge, Justice, and the Social Mind (Routledge, 2020). Find the other posts here. The first waves of research in psychology surrounding implicit bias claimed …

The Embodied Biased Mind

This post about embodied cognition and implicit bias by Céline Leboeuf is the second post of this week’s series on An Introduction to Implicit Bias: Knowledge, Justice, and the Social Mind (Routledge, 2020). Find the other posts here. We often think of our mental lives as “in our heads.” This …

The Psychology Of Bias: From Data to Theory

This post about psychological explanation and implicit bias by Gabbrielle Johnson is the first post of this week’s series on An Introduction to Implicit Bias: Knowledge, Justice, and the Social Mind (Routledge, 2020). Find the other posts here. Here’s a peculiar thing about people: often what they do doesn’t match …

Now Featured

We are ecstatic to have Gabbrielle Johnson, Céline Leboeuf, Susanna Siegel, Kathy Puddifoot, and Jules Holroyd joining us this week to give us a preview of their chapters in An Introduction to Implicit Bias: Knowledge, Justice, and the Social Mind (Routledge, 2020). Each day around 8:00am EDT one of their …

2020 Science of Consciousness Conference Goes Online In September

We are encouraged to learn that the 2020 Science of Consciousness conference will be held online in September—long live online conferencing. And it’s not too late to get on the program! “We have extended the call for new abstracts until July 25 and will notify all authors of the abstract decisions between July 20 …

Lakatos Award 2020: Nicholas Shea’s (Open Access) Representation In Cognitive Science

We are pleased to share the news that friend of the Brains community, Nicholas Shea, has been awarded the 2020 Lakatos Award for their open access book Representation In Cognitive Science (Oxford University Press, 2018). You can download a free PDF copy of the book at http://bit.ly/RepnCognSci Shea will receive …

Natural Pedagogy and Emotions

Gergely and other psychologists (Gergely – Unoka 2008) advance the hypothesis of cooperation between the natural pedagogy and the social biofeedback models. Their proposal takes into account the infant’s internalisation process of contingently “marked” emotion-mirroring displays. Such affective mirroring manifestations involve the infant’s generation of second-order representations of primary non-conscious …

Trust and Testimony in Social Learning

Natural pedagogy focuses on knowledge transfer and how such transfer may occur. The theory describes a communicative relationship which is, by definition, an exchange influenced and determined by the principle of epistemic primacy that portrays infants as «avid seekers of information provided by others» (Poulin-Dubois et al. 2010, p. 303). …

The representational, propositional and conceptual dimension of infant belief attribution capacity

There are good reasons to suppose that the infant’s innate disposition for informational sensitivity is grounded on a representational mind. As Kim Sterelny (1991, p. 21) writes: «there can be no informational sensitivity without representation. To learn about the world and to use what we learn to act in new …