Collaborative Gestures in Embodied Math Learning Games

Math teachers use gestures when confronting math problems. For example, a teacher might gesture a geometric shape with their hands, and other teachers might echo this same gesture with their hands. Or a teacher might propose a rotation of a shape using a sweeping around hand gesture, and another teacher …

Now Featured—Movement Matters: How Embodied Cognition Informs Teaching and Learning

Cognitive psychology has undergone a paradigm shift in the ways we understand how knowledge is acquired – away from brain-bound models towards an embodied view. Learning occurs through the body and is grounded in both perception and action. That is, cognition is deeply dependent upon the learner’s physical experiences.  Embodied learning shifts the …

Going Against the Grain of Proportionality

In Chapter 1 of Causation with a Human Face, James Woodward articulates the metaphilosophical outlook on causation that gives his book its title. He tells us that his aim is to articulate a normative theory about how human beings ought to engage in causal reasoning. However, he believes that when …

Proportionality and Causal Dependence

James Woodward’s Causation with a Human Face defends three methodological proposals: (I) The empirical study of causal reasoning can fruitfully inform the philosophical analysis of causation, and vice versa. (II) Philosophers should attend to distinctions among different kinds of causal relationship, and not just the distinction between causal and non-causal relationships. (III) …

Humans’ Invariance Assumption: Should Statistics and AI Adopt It?

“What must nature, including man, be like in order that science be possible at all? … What must the world be like in order that man may know it?”, the philosopher of science Thomas Kuhn (1962/2012, p. 172) asks in the final paragraph of his book, The Structure of Scientific Revolutions.   …

Invariance: Some Experimental Results

In the previous post I claimed that assumptions about invariance play a substantial role in causal judgment and reasoning. In this post I focus on some experimental  and theoretical work by psychologists illustrating this. In that literature it is a very common practice to ask subjects to make graded judgments about …

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